Bronchitis is a highly contagious disease. It is defined as the swelling of bronchioles but how does it affect and inflame other people’s bronchioles? Bronchitis can be transmitted from one person to another through coughing and sneezing as an airborne transmission. Individuals exposed to these bacteria can get an infection. It is also possible to get bronchitis by getting into contact with the bacteria.
To prevent this infectious disease from spreading, you should take preventive measures such as washing your hands before and after you eat, covering your mouth with a tissue or clean handkerchief as you sneeze and cough. It is vital to stop the spread of bronchitis because it can result to pneumonia if it is not dealt with. You can control the spread of the disease in its early stages by taking herbal treatments. You should also reinforce the treatment by taking a bed rest, drinking lots of water and avoiding places with air pollutants such as smoke.
What is Bronchitis ?
It is a condition that causes an inflammation on the lining of bronchial tubes that carry air to and from the lungs. It can be chronic or acute. Acute bronchitis is very common and mostly develops from a cold or other respiratory infection. The chronic condition is more advanced and features constant inflammation or irritation of the lining of the bronchial tubes mostly due to smoking.
The acute condition mostly improves after a few days and does not have any lasting effects but coughing may continue for weeks. The condition might develop to chronic bronchitis especially if you experience repeated bouts of bronchitis, which may require medical attention. The chronic bronchitis is categorized as one of the COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) diseases. The treatment of bronchitis focuses on easing your breathing by relieving the condition symptoms.
Symptoms of Bronchitis
The signs and symptoms of both acute and chronic bronchitis may include
• Chest discomfort
• Slight fever and chills
• Mucus or Sputum production: It can be white, clear, green or yellowish gray in color
If you are suffering from an acute bronchitis, you may continue having a nagging cough several weeks after the bronchitis had resolved. The chronic condition is defined as a productive cough that may last for at least three months and for two successive years. If you are suffering from a chronic condition, you will most likely experience periods with worse signs and symptoms. During these worse periods, you may be suffering acute bronchitis at the same time with chronic bronchitis. In other occasions, the cough may disappear and reappear later.
The causes Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis is mostly caused by viruses that also cause influenza and colds. The causing viruses are not killed by antibiotics and thus, taking antibiotics will not treat bronchitis. The major cause of chronic bronchitis is cigarette smoking. However, other factors such as air pollution, toxic gases and dust in the workplace or environment can cause the condition.
Bronchitis risk factors
Factors that may increase the chances of bronchitis include:
- Exposure to irritants on the Job: You may have a greater chance of developing bronchitis if you are working in places with various lung irritants like chemical fumes, textiles and grains.
- Cigarette Smoke: You are at a higher risk of developing acute and chronic bronchitis if you are a smoker or live with a smoker.
- Low Resistance: You are at a higher risk if your immune system is low due to other illnesses such as cold. Various people with low immune system such as infants, older adults and young children have a greater vulnerability to infection.